Communicable disease threats report, 3-9 January 2016, week 1

Surveillance report
Publication series: Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR)
Time period covered: 3 - 9 January 2016

​The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 3-9 January 2016 and includes updates on Zika virus, Ebola virus disease, A(H7N9) influenza in China and the public health risks associated with the refugee movements in Europe.

Executive summary

This issue covers the period 3 to 9 January 2016 and includes updates on seasonal influenza and MERS-CoV.

Seasonal influenza

The proportion of influenza virus-positive sentinel surveillance specimens continued to increase from 18% for week 52/2015 to 30% for week 53/2015. However, the majority of specimens were from two countries. Detections of A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2) and type B influenza viruses among sentinel surveillance specimens were reported by 17 countries.

ECDC reports each week on influenza activity on Flu News Europe.

Middle-East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Oman reported a new case of MERS-CoV on 4 January 2016 making it the seventh case reported in the country. The previous case was detected in May 2015.

As of 7 January 2016, 1 645 cases of MERS, including 638 deaths, have been reported by health authorities worldwide.