Communicable disease threats report, 3-9 March 2019, week 10
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period from 3-9 March 2019 and includes updates on Leishmaniasis and Zika virus disease, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), measles, Ebola virus disease, influenza, Rift Valley fever and mass gathering for Carnival in Brazil.
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Weekly influenza update, week 9, March 2019
In collaboration with WHO Regional Office for Europe, ECDC monitors and reports on influenza activity in Europe on a weekly basis throughout the flu season.
Monthly measles and rubella monitoring report, March 2019
8 Mar 2019 - This monitoring report is based on measles and rubella data from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) for the period 1 February 2018 to 31 January 2019.
Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo - ongoing
On 1 August 2018, the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared an Ebola outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces. It is the largest-ever outbreak in the country and the world's second largest in history.Read more
Health risks during the Carnival season in Brazil
7 Feb 2019 - The Carnival season will last from 1 to 9 March 2019. In Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1 million participants are expected, including many travellers from Europe
Rift Valley fever - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
21 Feb 2019 - For 2017, EU/EEA countries did not report any cases of Rift Valley fever.
Infographics: How is Zika virus transmitted?
Zika virus is transmitted to people through the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. But there are other, although rare, modes of transmission: sexual transmission, mother-to-child transmission, transmission through blood donations. See ECDC infographicsRead more
Epidemiological update: Ebola virus disease outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo
25 Jan 2019 - Since the beginning of the outbreak and as of 23 January 2019, according to the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, there have been 715 Ebola virus disease cases (666 confirmed, 49 probable), including 443 deaths (394 in confirmed and 49 in probable cases).
Influenza vaccination coverage rates insufficient across EU Member States
18 Dec 2018 - None of the European Union (EU) Member States could demonstrate that they reach the EU target of 75% influenza vaccination coverage for vulnerable groups, according to a new report from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).
New tools for public health experts: Outbreak detection and epidemiological reports
17 Dec 2018 - ECDC launches two R packages for analysing infectious disease surveillance data. The tools can support public health experts in creating epidemiological reports or detecting outbreaks.
Facts about leishmaniasis
Leishmaniasis is a tropical/sub-tropical disease, spread by the bite of infected sandflies. There are several different forms of leishmaniasis in people: cutaneous leishmaniasis causes skin sores, visceral leishmaniasis causes systemic disease. Without treatment, most patients with the visceral disease will die and those with diffuse cutaneous and mucocutaneous disease can suffer long infections associated with secondary life-threatening infections.
Facts about Rift Valley fever
Rift Valley fever is an acute viral febrile haemorrhagic disease that affects primarily ruminants in Africa and in the Arabian Peninsula: cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and camels. Humans may become infected by mosquito bites and through direct or indirect contact with the blood or organs of infected animals.Read more