ECDC risk assessment: 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic (Update 8 May 2009)
A new influenza A(H1N1) virus was first identified by US CDC on 17 April 2009 in samples from two Californian children. This was reported in the MMWR on 21 April . The basic genetic structure of the virus which was first described in Eurosurveillance on 30 April , demonstrated that the virus had many genetic elements from porcine (swine) influenza. The new virus was thus initially called ‘swine flu’ even though its pig origin later came into question, and it is now clearly evident that it can spread from human to human.
Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
2 Jul 2019 - In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
Rapid risk assessment: Dengue outbreak in Réunion, France, and associated risk of autochthonous outbreak in the EU/EEA
18 Jun 2019 - This update of the risk assessment ‘Dengue outbreak in Réunion, France’ published on 5 July 2018, has been triggered by the significant size of the outbreak and its expected duration, which is anticipated to overlap with high vector activity in the southern EU.
Rapid risk assessment: Chlamydia trachomatis false-negative test results by Aptima Combo 2 CT/NG assay (Hologic) in the EU/EEA, 2019
17 Jun 2019 - In April 2019, Finland reported false-negative or equivocal results in patients tested for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) using Aptima Combo 2 Assay (Hologic) (AC2).