HIV/AIDS surveillance in Europe - 2007
Since January 2008, ECDC and the WHO/Europe have jointly coordinated the HIV/AIDS surveillance in Europe and produced a first joint report on HIV/AIDS in Europe. Although limited by incomplete reporting, it states that HIV infection is of major public health importance in Europe. In EU/EFTA, Men having Sex with Men (MSM) are most at risk for HIV/AIDS followed by heterosexual population and Injecting Drug Users (IDU). In the Eastern region of Europe, IDU remains the predominant mode of transmission. In 2007, 48 892 HIV infections and 5244 AIDS diagnoses were reported.
Diphtheria - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
19 Jun 2019 - For 2017, 39 cases of diphtheria due to toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae or C. ulcerans were reported to ECDC. The highest proportion of C. ulcerans cases was among adults 45 years of age and above, whereas C. diphtheriae cases were more common in younger age groups. Among C. diphtheriae cases, 50% were reported as imported. High vaccination coverage is crucial to prevent diphtheria.
Congenital toxoplasmosis – Annual Epidemiological Report for 2016
19 Jun 2019 - In 2016, 242 confirmed cases of congenital toxoplasmosis were reported in the EU/EEA, with France accounting for 81% of all confirmed cases due to the active screening of pregnant women. The notification rate was 6.7 cases per 100 000 live births. No seasonal pattern was observed for the disease.
Brucellosis – Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
19 Jun 2019 - In 2017, 381 confirmed brucellosis cases were reported in the EU/EEA. The notification rate in the EU/EEA was 0.09 cases per 100 000 population. The highest rates were reported in southern EU Member States (Greece, Italy and Portugal). The highest rate was observed in 25–44-year-old males (0.16 per 100 000). The notification rate was stable from 2013–2017 in the EU/EEA.