Rapid risk assessment: human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus, Egypt, 23 December 2014

risk assessment
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European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus, Egypt – 23 December 2014. Stockholm: ECDC; 2014.

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According to a WHO update published on 4 December 2014, eight new human cases of influenza A(H5N1) have been reported in Egypt, with onset of disease in November 2014, bringing the total for 2014 to 12. Influenza A(H5N1) has been circulating in domestic poultry in Egypt since 2006 and has been the source of sporadic human infections. As the affected regions are non-touristic areas, the risk for EU citizens is considered extremely low.

Executive summary

This document aims to:

  • summarise the epidemiological, virological and environmental information about human infections with avian influenza A viruses of subtype A(H5N1) in Egypt;
  • assess potential changes in the risk to public health in the EU/EEA and to EU/EEA citizens.