Laboratory procedures for diagnosis and typing of human Clostridium difficile infection
The aim of this document is to support CDI surveillance in Europe with appropriate microbiological standardised procedures, and can be used by microbiologists, infectious diseases specialists and infection prevention control specialists.
ECDC study protocol for genomic-based surveillance of carbapenem-resistant and/or colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae at the EU level
This ECDC study protocol describes the technical requirements for implementing future EU-level genomic-based surveillance of carbapenem-resistant and/or colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae.
Communicable disease threats report, 8-14 July 2018, week 28
This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 8-14 July 2018 and includes updates on carbapenemase-producing (OXA-48) Klebsiella pneumoniae, dengue, Ebola virus disease, poliomyelitis, MERS-CoV, mass gathering monitoring (FIFA Men's Football World Cup), measles, poliovirus type 2, rubella, Vibrio growth in the Baltic Sea, and West Nile virus.
Carbapenemase-producing (OXA-48) Klebsiella pneumoniae ST392 found in travellers previously hospitalised in Gran Canaria, Spain
Thirteen patients with OXA-48-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae ST392 have been reported by Sweden and Norway between January and April 2018 - all returning travellers with prior hospital admission in Gran Canaria. Whole genome sequencing showed tight clustering between the bacterial isolates from the cases.
Rapid risk assessment: Carbapenemase-producing (OXA-48) Klebsiella pneumoniae ST392 in travellers previously hospitalised in Gran Canaria, Spain
This rapid risk assessment evaluates the risk of transmission and further spread of OXA-48-producing Klebsiella pneumonia e ST392 from travellers having sought medical care in Gran Canaria to healthcare facilities in their country of origin in the EU/EEA.
Healthcare-associated infections: Clostridium difficile infections - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2016
In 2016, 20 EU/EEA countries reported CDI data to ECDC for 593 surveillance periods from 556 hospitals.
Rapid risk assessment: Emergence of resistance to ceftazidime-avibactam in carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
This risk assessment will discuss CAZ-AVI resistance in brief, review the recent literature reporting resistance of CRE to CAZ-AVI, and assess the risk for the EU/EEA countries.
Communicable Disease Threats Report, 3-9 June 2018, week 23
This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 3-9 June 2018 and includes updates on dengue, Vibrio growth in the Baltic Sea, measles, rubella, hepatitis A, mass gathering monitoring, Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, Ebola virus disease, West Nile virus, polio and MERS-CoV.
Rapid risk assessment: Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae - first update
This update of the 2016 ECDC Rapid Risk Assessment on carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) evaluates the risk for patients and healthcare systems in EU/EEA countries due to the global spread of CRE.
Proper hand hygiene can prevent sepsis
In Europe, about 80 000 hospitalised patients are estimated to have at least one healthcare-associated infection on any given day. Proper cleaning of the hands, using antiseptic fluid, remains the single most effective way for hospital staff to prevent infections that can lead to sepsis.