Guide to revision of national pandemic influenza preparedness plans

During the past decade, the 53 Member States of the WHO European Region, 31 of which are part of the European Union/European Economic Area, invested considerably in pandemic preparedness. This came in the wake of global threats posed by (re-)emerging diseases such as avian influenza A(H5N1) and A(H7N9), the SARS outbreak of 2003, and the outbreak of MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) which began in 2012. Adequate preparedness is also a national obligation under the International Health Regulations (2005) and the EU Decision on serious cross-border threats to health (No 1082/2013/EU). 

This guide is intended for use by those involved in pandemic preparedness planning, generic preparedness and implementation of IHR core capacities in European countries. The document describes good practice for pandemic preparedness planning based on lessons learned from the 2009 pandemic.


Guide to revision of national pandemic influenza preparedness plans: Lessons learned from the 2009 A(H1N1) pandemic

technical report -

Related updates on influenza pandemic preparedness


Differing patterns of influenza activity in the southern hemisphere during and between the 2009 pandemic and the 2010 winter influenza season – the usefulness for EuropeArchived

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Guide to public health measures to reduce the impact of influenza pandemics in Europe – ‘The ECDC Menu’

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Questions and answers on influenza pandemics

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ECDC country preparedness activities, 2013-2017

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HEPSA – health emergency preparedness self-assessment tool, User guide

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HEPSA – health emergency preparedness self-assessment tool

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Joint WHO/Europe–ECDC Annual European Influenza Surveillance Meeting, 2018

6 Jun 2018 - 8 Jun 2018
Copenhagen, Denmark