Rapid Risk Assessment: Outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa - third update, 1 August 2014

risk assessment
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European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa.  Third update, 1 August 2014. Stockholm: ECDC; 2014.

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​Following an increase in the number of cases of ebola virus disease being recorded in West Africa, ECDC has updated its risk assessment and presents options for prevention and control of the disease for European citizens.

Executive summary

An outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD), which started in December 2013, continues to evolve in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. The first cases were reported from Guéckédou prefecture, a forested region of south-eastern Guinea near the border with Liberia and Sierra Leone. After a slowdown in April, the outbreak has accelerated during the last two months. This is the largest EVD outbreak ever reported, both in terms of number of cases and geographical spread.